A Fragmenting Global Economy: A Weakened WTO, Mega FTAs, and Murky Protectionism
Vinod K. Aggarwal and Simon J. Evenett
Swiss Political Science Review, 2013
detailing these trends, this article identifies and explains the underlying causes. Our conclusion is that governments are now accelerating the process of fragmentation that had been underway for some time. What the recent economic crisis did was to make governments desperate to advance domestic commercial interests, all too often at the expense of foreign rivals.
The ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Implications for Supply Chain Management
Vinod K. Aggarwal and Bora Park
Supply Chain Asia, 2013
The lack of rapid progress in efforts to create a full-fledged AEC should not come as a surprise. It is worth noting that ASEAN security origins have created a reluctance to move forward aggressively, with the norms it has created over the years of respect for sovereignty, non-interference in other member states’ domestic affairs, elite-based diplomacy, decision-making by mutual consultation and consensus, and a preference for incrementalism spilling over into its efforts to promote economic integration.
U.S. Free Trade Agreements and Linkages
Vinod K. Aggarwal
International Negotiation, 2013
This article examines the driving factors that account for patterns of linkages to broader economic, labor, environmental, and security issues in U.S. Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). Rather than only emphasizing trade benefits or security considerations as in much recent work on FTAs, this analysis provides a richer empirical picture by focusing on the full universe of U.S. FTAs.