Diversity management has been defined by Shen, D'Netto, and Tang (2010) as the approach to management that recognizes and incorporates individual differences into the directing, organizing and planning of human resources within an organization. Tang, Jiang, Chen, Zhou, Chen, and Yu (2015) concur with the definition but emphasizes that this definition is applicable with regards to Human Resource Management. The author insists that diversity management can also be analyzed from the perspective of the product portfolio of an organization and other managerial functions (Kolk, Hong, & van Dolen, 2010). Regardless of the perspective from which it is defined, it is evident that diversity management entails the management of differences. Wei and Lau (2012) postulates that diversity management with regards to the management of human resources is aimed at ensuring that mutual respect and acceptance is maintained among a highly diverse workforce. When individuals with different backgrounds feel that they are accepted and respected within an organization, they become highly motivated to perform their tasks and they perform optimally towards the achievement of the organizational goals and objectives. According to Wei and Lau (2012) this is one of the main reasons why organizations adopt diversity management strategies.
Amona and Anca (2013) believes that through effective diversity management strategies, organizations are able to explore the advantages and opportunities that exist within the workforce differences in a positive and nurturing environment. Effective diversity managers are able to ensure that their organizations benefit from the differences that exist among the workforce while at the same time ensure that the workforce work optimally in a work environment that encourages collective contributions (Li, Chu, Lam, & Liao, 2011). From this perspective, it is arguable that diversity management is different from multicultural management. This is because diversity management encourages the reconciling of the comprehensive difference that exists among the employees and achieve an effective and unified organizational culture (Nankervis, Warner, Chatterjee, & Cooke, 2013). It is important to note that diversity management does not encourage the dilution of individual cultures but it promotes the development of an organizational culture that incorporates the differences of the workforces. This is while multicultural management encourages the differences and the management develops approaches that ensure that they can continually capitalize on the existing differences (Cooke & Saini, 2012).
Equality and fair treatment are the factors that are commonly echoed when it comes to diversity management. Binsiddiq and Alzahmi (2013) postulate that organizations that adopt diversity management are equal employment opportunity companies and that they engage in policies and approaches that ensure that there are no particular individuals or groups that are treated better than others (Li C.-R. , 2014). They ensure that there is no discrimination and that everyone within the organization stands a chance of gaining career advancements and also that benefits and rewards are awarded purely based on the performance of the employees (Anderson, 2005).
Another perspective is that businesses have been able to access markets that were previously inaccessible (Anderson, 2005). From a purely management perspective, the impact is that many organizations have been able to have changes in their management practices.
one homework strategy that is often overlooked is getting parents involved with your homework policy from the beginning. No, I don't mean just letting them know the percentage of the grade and the consequences for incomplete homework, but rather what the parents can do to help their child complete the homework.
Here's a list of some homework strategies that teachers can share with their students' parents:
1. Set up a consistent place for homework to be done. Homework should be done in the same place every night - not on the couch one night, at the dinner table the next, and the bedroom the following night.
2. Organize your homework spot to maximize efficiency. Have a box with everything your child might need to complete any given homework assignment...pencils, erasers, glue, scissors, markers, paper etc. This will greatly reduce homework procrastination.
3. Help your child establish a consistent schedule for completing homework. Depending on the child's after school schedule, it may not be possible to do the homework at the same time every night. Therefore, it may be wise to sit down Sunday night each week and create the homework schedule for the upcoming week.
4. Do not sit with your child and do the homework together. The purpose of the homework is for your child to practice what he or she has learned in class. If your child cannot do the homework by herself then you need to contact the teacher.
5. After your child completes the homework, discuss it...What did he or she learn from the homework? What steps were easy? Difficult?
6. Your child should spend roughly 10 minutes per grade level on homework. For example, a 2nd grader should spend 20 minutes on homework while an 8th grader should spend 80 minutes. Again, if your child continues to consistently spend more time than this on homework make sure to contact your child's teacher.
Many parents are just not aware of the best way to help their child complete the homework. By providing a list of helpful homework tips for parents, teachers will see an increase in homework completion and therefore, an increase in academic achievement.
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