50th Anniversary of the US-Japan Security Treaty comes amid strains in the bilateral relationship 1


Ren Yi Hooi, BASC Research Assistant

The US-Japan security treaty turned 50 years old last month, but the bilateral relationship between these two countries currently faces a critical point as a result of several spats between the US and the new Hatoyama administration in Japan.

Although US President Barack Obama and Japanese PM Yukio Hatoyama share common goals and policies, including development in the Third World, measures to curb global warming and the prevention of nuclear proliferation, Hatoyama’s call for a “close and equal” Japan-US relationship since taking office has precipitated a rise in tension between the two countries.

Under the current treaty, the US is obliged to defend Japan in the case of an armed attack, but Japan is not obliged to defend America should the attack happen the other way around. Instead, the US is given access to facilities and areas in Japan “for the purpose of contributing to the security of Japan and the maintenance of international peace and security in the Far East.” While this agreement yields both nations considerable benefit, its asymmetrical relationship has long been a cause of friction, and Hatoyama’s hope to see a “more equal alliance” has placed it under further strain.

More specifically, what Hatoyama wishes to see is a reduction in the “omoiyari” budget, the costs born by Japan for supporting the US forces here, and a revision of the Status of Forces Agreement governing the operation of the US military in Japan–issues which are not negotiable from the point of view of the US. The issue of the relocation of the US Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, in particular, has fueled dispute between the two countries over the last few months, and is currently still unsettled. Neither country wishes to give in to the other’s demands, and it is difficult for either to push forward without incurring strong repercussions.

In addition, the US-Japan relationship is also seeing points of contention over non-security issues. Japan’s new incentives for eco-friendly cars, for example, have raised the ire of US auto-makers who found their cars largely excluded from Japan’s subsidy program. Despite the small volume of American cars exported to Japan, the US has been putting pressure on Japan to include more American cars in its environmental incentives, leading to a new potential cause for trade disputes between the two countries.

As the two nations review the past 50 years of their security relationship, their evaluations of the past will play a crucial role in determining the future direction of their alliance. While the US and Japan both agree that their partnership is indispensible and share hopes for it to be further deepened, the question of whether there is a change in the balance of power, and how the two countries react to it, will be the key factor that determines whether their alliance will be further strengthened or invevitably destabilized.


Ren Yi Hooi

About Ren Yi Hooi

Ren Yi Hooi is a second year Economics major and international student at Berkeley. While interested in the role of APEC in building international trade, she is also keen to explore the development of Southeast Asian and Latin American economies. She has interned for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Southeast Asian Directorate) in Singapore. Currently the Vice President of the Singapore Malaysia Student Association in Berkeley, she also enjoys travelling, singing and community service.


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One thought on “50th Anniversary of the US-Japan Security Treaty comes amid strains in the bilateral relationship

  • Anggie

    If he wants better Asian ties then I wodner exactly how he intends to deal with the inescapable fact that China and Russia are not going to back down over certain islands any time soon. For that matter, how would he handle the fact that China is showing no signs of pressing on North Korea any time soon? Or what about the de facto Chinese ban on the export of rare earth metals to Japan that lasted for two months? It’s one thing to want better ties with Thailand, South Korea (where things are still very touchy), Vietnam and the rest but if you want better relations with the great powers that are currently in an assertive mood you’ll have to give up something important.In re. to Michael: How? How has the U.S taken control of the Japanese media and government? We have no ability to control elections. We can’t order the media to print or kill stories. We can barely push Japan when our citizens are arrested for breaking laws that their own citizens have broken without penalty (see child custody issues). Why is it that whenever the U.S is close to a state people become convinced that the U.S is in charge? Has the U.S taken control of France where the French government can barely admit that ethnic minorities exist and warships get sold to Russia? What about India which has a nuclear arsenal and points its guns at Pakistan? Or how about Egypt with that dictator we’re tired of but can’t convince to stand down?It seems to me that it’s far easier to shout at the top of your lungs Evil Imperialists! then it is to actually provide proof.